FabriCamp Lx1: The Report

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[PT] O Fab­ri­Camp Lx1 foi exce­lente. Muito obri­gado a todos os par­tic­i­pantes, oradores e oper­adores de máquinas, pelo dia tão diver­tido que nos pro­por­cionaram. Obri­gado tam­bém ao Pavil­hão do Con­hec­i­mento e a Ciên­cia Viva, por tão caloroso e prestável acol­hi­mento – mais do que isto não podíamos pedir.

[EN] Fab­ri­Camp Lx1 was great. Many thanks to all the par­tic­i­pants, speak­ers and machine oper­a­tors for mak­ing it such a fun day. Thank you also to Pavil­hão do Con­hec­i­mento and Ciên­cia Viva for being the most wel­com­ing and help­ful hosts we could wish for.

[PT] Par­tic­i­param no Fab­ri­Camp cerca de 130 pes­soas, e durante todo o dia, sem uma fal­haz­inha que fosse, as máquinas de fab­ri­cação dig­i­tal imprim­i­ram em 3D e fre­saram. E a ver­dade é que alguns mem­bros do alt­Lab con­seguiram fazer pro­gres­sos numa mini-Mendel mod­i­fi­cada e reparar logo ali a Maker­Bot da Fac­ul­dade de Arqui­tec­tura.

[EN] Around 130 peo­ple par­tic­i­pated and the dig­i­tal fab­ri­ca­tion machines 3D printed, frostruded and milled all day with­out a glitch. In fact, some alt­Lab mem­bers even man­aged to make some progress on a mod­i­fied mini Mendel and to fix the Col­lege of Architecture’s Maker­Bot on the spot.

 

[PT] As palestras foram dos momen­tos altos do evento.

Os mem­bros da direcção da AZ Labs Net­work – Ricardo Lobo, Pedro Ângelo, Tiago Serra, Cata­rina Mota e eu próprio –, falaram da orga­ni­za­ção, dos três lab­o­ratórios, da Fab­ri­Cul­ture e de novos pro­jec­tos empol­gantes, como as Residên­cias AZ e a nossa par­tic­i­pação na Guimarães – Cap­i­tal Europeia da Cul­tura 2012.

Fil­ipe Mar­tins tem um mestrado em Design de Pro­du­tos em Biopolímeros e tem vindo a explo­rar a sus­tentabil­i­dade em proces­sos, tec­nolo­gias e mate­ri­ais. Deu uma palestra inti­t­u­lada “Design para Autono­mia Mate­r­ial”, onde tra­tou de proces­sos para cri­ar­mos os nos­sos próprios mate­ri­ais de fab­ri­cação, e de for­mas para depois os tratar­mos, no fim do ciclo de vida dos pro­du­tos.

Tiago Rorke é for­mado em Design Indus­trial e, com Greg Saul, criou o Diatom Stu­dio (ded­i­cado a explo­rar as pos­si­bil­i­dade da fab­ri­cação dig­i­tal, para dar aos uti­lizadores finais um papel no processo de design). Falou sobre a SketchChair, um sis­tema em desen­volvi­mento para criar uma fer­ra­menta de soft­ware livre, open source, com que qual­quer pes­soa poderá facil­mente desen­har e con­struir mobil­iário de fab­ri­cação dig­i­tal.

Vasco Por­tu­gal, que no âmbito da sua tese de doutora­mento no pro­grama MIT|Portugal tem explo­rado for­mas de alcançar um desen­volvi­mento sus­ten­tável, falou sobre as ori­gens e a evolução dos FabLabs, e tam­bém do pro­jecto que tem em curso – um “sis­tema ger­ador-de-for­mas-arqui­tec­tóni­cas para engen­haria de areia através de cimen­tação induzida por via micro­bi­ológ­ica”.

Mais infor­mações sobre as palestras, aqui. E muitas fotos, aqui:
http://www.facebook.com
http://www.flickr.com

Pho­tos by Paulo Rodrigues and Tiago Serra

[EN] The talks were some of the best moments of the event.

Mem­bers of the AZ Labs Net­work board of direc­tors Ricardo Lobo, Pedro Ângelo, Tiago Serra, Cata­rina Mota and myself talked about the orga­ni­za­tion, the three labs, Fab­ri­Cul­ture and a few new and excit­ing projects such as the AZ Res­i­dency and our par­tic­i­pa­tion in Guimarães Cap­i­tal of Cul­ture.

Fil­ipe Mar­tins, who has an MS in Prod­uct Design in Biopoly­mers and has been explor­ing sus­tain­abil­ity in processes, tech­nolo­gies and mate­ri­als, gave a talk titled Design for Mate­r­ial Auton­omy focused on processes to cre­ate your own fab­ri­ca­tion mate­ri­als as well as dis­pose of them at the end of a product’s life cycle.

Tiago Rorke, who has a degree in indus­trial design and together with Greg Saul formed Diatom Stu­dio (with the goal of explor­ing the pos­si­bil­i­ties of dig­i­tal fab­ri­ca­tion to give end users a role in the design process), talked about SketchChair, a work-in-progress sys­tem to cre­ate a free, open-source soft­ware tool that will allow any­one to eas­ily design and build their own dig­i­tally fab­ri­cated fur­ni­ture.

Vasco Por­tu­gal, who is explor­ing ways to achieve sus­tain­able devel­op­ment while work­ing on his PhD the­sis at the MIT|Portugal Pro­gram, talked about the ori­gins and evo­lu­tion of Fab Labs as well his work-in-progress project “archi­tec­tural-form-gen­er­a­tor sys­tem to engi­neer sand through micro­bially induced cemen­ta­tion.”

More details about each of the talks here. And lots of pho­tos here:
http://www.facebook.com
http://www.flickr.com

Pho­tos by Paulo Rodrigues and Tiago Serra

 

[PT] Uma vez que se tra­tou do nosso primeiro Fab­ri­Camp, apren­demos coisas impor­tantes para mel­ho­rar os encon­tros futuros. Se algum par­tic­i­pante tiver pro­postas para alter­ações e mel­ho­rias que nos queira apre­sen­tar, pode usar a caixa de comen­tários aqui abaixo. O Fab­ri­Camp Porto e o Fab­ri­Camp Coim­bra serão provavel­mente os próx­i­mos, mas quem não viver em nen­huma destas cidades e quiser orga­ni­zar um Fab­ri­Camp, informe-nos da intenção, que nós dare­mos toda a ajuda que estiver ao nosso alcance.

Por fim, gostaríamos de agrade­cer a todos os ele­men­tos da grande equipa que aju­dou a pôr em pé este evento: Os mem­bros da AZ Labs Net­work e a toda a equipa do Pavil­hão do Con­hec­i­mento.

[EN] Since this was our first Fab­ri­Camp we also learned some impor­tant lessons on how to make future gath­er­ings bet­ter. If any of the par­tic­i­pants have sug­ges­tions for changes and improve­ments, please use the com­ments form below to tell us about your ideas. Fab­ri­Camp Porto and Fab­ri­Camp Coim­bra will likely be next, but if you don’t live in any of these cities and would like to host one, let us know, we will pro­vide you with all the assis­tance we can.

Finally, we must thank all the ele­ments of the great team that helped put this event together: AZ Labs Net­work mem­bers and the Pavil­hão do Con­hec­i­mento team.



FabriCamp Lx1 Talks

April 3rd 2011 | 3 de Abril de 2011 @ Pavil­hão do Con­hec­i­mento

 


AZ Labs Network Team

Topic:
AZ Labs

Abstract:
The AZ Labs Net­work is a col­lab­o­ra­tive net­work of por­tuguese medialabs/hackerspaces hosted by the Audiên­cia Zero cul­tural asso­ci­a­tion. It is com­prised of alt­Lab in Lis­bon, LCD in Porto and xDA in Coim­bra. This talk will present the net­work, its labs, ongo­ing projects and future plans.


Ricardo Lobo: Pres­i­dent of the AZ Labs Net­work and co-founder of LCD. Back­ground on polit­i­cal phi­los­o­phy and polit­i­cal sci­ence. Presently study­ing Dig­i­tal Art at Uni­ver­sity of Minho.

Cata­rina Mota: cofounder of alt­Lab and of openMaterials.org, board mem­ber of the AZ Labs Net­work, PhD can­di­date at FCSH-UNL (with a schol­ar­ship from FCT-MCTES under the UTAustin|Portugal pro­to­col), and vis­it­ing scholar at ITP-NYU.

Mau­rí­cio Mar­tins: chair of alt­Lab, mem­ber of the AZ Labs Net­work board of direc­tors. Has a back­ground in elec­tron­ics and video pro­duc­tion. As a tin­kerer devel­ops phys­i­cal com­put­ing and inter­ac­tive inter­faces projects.

Pedro Ângelo: inter­ac­tive software+hardware researcher at Engage­Lab, Dig­i­tal Art Master’s stu­dent at Uni­ver­sity of Minho, cofounder of Blender-PT and Por­toLinux, cofounder and chair of LCD, mem­ber of the AZ Labs Net­work board of direc­tors.

Tiago Serra: cofounder and chair of xDA, mem­ber of the AZ Labs Net­work board of direc­tors. Entre­peneur, Engi­neer and Designer at Sense­Bloom.



Catarina Mota

Web­site |  Twit­ter

Topic:
Fab­ri­Cul­ture

Abstract:
Overview of the open source dig­i­tal fab­ri­ca­tion panorama and intro­duc­tion of the Fab­ri­Cul­ture project.


Cata­rina Mota is cofounder of alt­Lab and of openMaterials.org, board mem­ber of the AZ Labs Net­work, PhD can­di­date at FCSH-UNL (with a schol­ar­ship from FCT-MCTES under the UTAustin|Portugal pro­to­col), and vis­it­ing scholar at ITP-NYU.



Filipe Miguel Martins

Topic:
Design for Mate­r­ial Auton­omy

Abstract:
Biopoly­mers are now a grow­ing fam­ily of mate­ri­als that changes the source of the mate­r­ial, as well as other aspects of the mate­ri­als life-cycle. As in the past times, when peo­ple pro­duced the mate­ri­als they needed for the objects they built, so today we can pro­duce plas­tics to be injected in 3D print­ers. Though this is still in the fields of the­ory, it’s devel­op­ment would increase the auton­omy of the con­sumer in the most part of the stages of the design and pro­duc­tion process, when inter-related with RepRap print­ers and 3d mod­el­ling soft­ware.


I’m a grad­u­ate in Prod­uct Design by the FA-UTL, with a mas­ter of Prod­uct Design in Biopoly­mers by the same uni­ver­sity. In the last few years i’ve been in touch with sus­tain­abil­ity in processes, tech­nolo­gies and mate­ri­als, as well as arts and agri­cul­ture, and the way these things influ­ence our life-style and behav­iour.



Vasco Portugal

Topic:
ARCHITECTURAL-FORM-GENERATOR SYSTEM TO ENGINEER SAND THROUGH MICROBIALLY INDUCED CEMENTATION

Abstract:
This research focuses on design­ing an archi­tec­tural-form-gen­er­a­tor sys­tem able to deal with nat­ural mat­ter and liv­ing micro-organ­isms to pro­duce archi­tec­tural out­comes with­out hurt­ing the envi­ron­ment. In doing so, it explores the pos­si­bil­i­ties of MICP (Micro­bially Induced Cal­cite Pre­cip­i­ta­tion), which is a bio­min­er­al­iza­tion process applied to improve the engi­neer­ing prop­er­ties of gran­u­lar struc­tures like sand. MICP uses pop­u­la­tions of bac­te­ria (Bacil­lus Pas­teurii) that cement sand in a growth medium amended with urea and dis­solved cal­cium source. This method can be used to improve soil sta­bil­ity, to heal con­crete cracks, to build roads and paths, to restore mon­u­ments, or to trans­form sand into sand­stone to gen­er­ate 3D struc­tures.
The archi­tec­tural-form-gen­er­a­tor sys­tem con­sists of a robot that is able to manip­u­late sand and inject a mix­ture of bac­te­ria, urea, cal­cium chlo­ride and water into it, to gen­er­ate an archi­tec­tural out­come. The robot has a spe­cific mor­phol­ogy that allows it to move on gran­u­lar grounds and to admin­is­trate the mix­ture. It is pro­grammed with a script that defines the tra­jec­tory it has to fol­low to gen­er­ate an archi­tec­tural shape. If the script is mod­i­fied, the robot gen­er­ates a dif­fer­ent for­mal out­come. It works like a 3D printer that uses bac­te­ria instead of resin to bind the grains together, gen­er­at­ing the struc­ture by lay­ers. Hence the aim of this project is not to design a shape but a set of rules and pro­to­cols to gen­er­ate it, in such a way that the robot would be able to pro­duce sur­face-like out­comes: paths, roads, vol­ume-like ones: shel­ters, houses, walls, or even inject the mix­ture into pre-exis­tent struc­tures to heal them.


Vasco Por­tu­gal stud­ied Archi­tec­ture Design at the FAUTL in Lis­bon and Advanced Archi­tec­ture at IaaC-UPC in Barcelona receiv­ing is diploma in 2006. Dur­ing his under­grad­u­ate years in the Lis­bon Archi­tec­ture Uni­ver­sity he carry out three years of stud­ies in Ani­ma­tion and Direct­ing in the audio­vi­sual School RESTART and in one of the most pres­ti­gious Por­tuguese art Insti­tu­tions, The Gul­benkian Foun­da­tion part­ner­ing with the pres­ti­gious French ani­ma­tion School SUPIMFOCOM.
After grad­u­at­ing he moved to Italy where he worked from 2006 to 2007 at Mas­si­m­il­iano Fuk­sas stu­dio in Rome design­ing mul­ti­ple scale build­ings all over the world. In 2008 left to Barcelona col­lab­o­rat­ing as a free­lancer for a num­ber of archi­tec­ture stu­dios while con­clud­ing is mas­ter in Self suf­fi­cient habi­tats and Dig­i­tal Tec­ton­ics at IaaC. Dur­ing his stud­ies he grows an inter­est in social, cul­tural and human­i­tar­ian design and dig­i­tal fab­ri­ca­tion. His mas­ter the­sis focused on social hous­ing for a devel­op­ing Roma­nia through pas­sive design struc­tured accord­ing to a pre-set num­ber of rules of col­o­niz­ing space.
Sub­se­quently in 2009 worked for Julien de Smedt Stu­dio and ADEPT archi­tec­ture in Copen­hagen address­ing sus­tain­abil­ity out­comes in the largest part of the projects to pro­mote sus­tain­able plan­ning, mit­i­gat­ing our car­bon foot­print.
Presently is deeply com­mit­ted to explor­ing how to achieve sus­tain­able devel­op­ment while work­ing on his PhD the­sis at MIT(Massachusetts Insti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy) Por­tu­gal Pro­gram – with the cus­tody of Tech­ni­cal Uni­ver­sity of Lis­bon (Insti­tuto Supe­rior Téc­nico, IST, and Insti­tuto Supe­rior de Econo­mia e Gestão, ISEG).
Vasco’s PhD research is an inves­ti­ga­tion of the sus­tain­abil­ity of slum upgrad­ing and research in sus­tain­able devel­op­ment of infra­struc­ture in poor envi­ron­ments and par­tic­u­larly in devel­op­ing coun­tries. Presently he is teach­ing dig­i­tal fab­ri­ca­tion at IST fab lab.
His work spans many dis­ci­plines, includ­ing Archi­tec­ture, mate­ri­als, fab­ri­ca­tion, and con­ver­gent goods. The link­ing thread in these projects is empa­thy for con­cep­tual think­ing and a pro­found care for social issues, trans­lat­ing intan­gi­ble projects into actual solu­tions.



Tiago Rorke

Topic:
SketchChair: Open Source DIY Fur­ni­ture

Abstract:
SketchChair is a work in progress towards a free, open-source soft­ware tool that will allow any­one to eas­ily design and build their own dig­i­tally fab­ri­cated fur­ni­ture. By let­ting users upload and share chairs they have cre­ated, could designs evolve as they are con­tin­u­ally refined and mod­i­fied by a com­mu­nity of peo­ple? This could, we hope, pro­vide a resource like an open-source Ikea store, filled with cus­tomis­able prod­ucts.


Tiago Rorke grad­u­ated from the indus­trial design pro­gram at Vic­to­ria Uni­ver­sity of Welling­ton, New Zealand. Together him and his col­legue Greg Saul have formed Diatom Stu­dio, with the goal of explor­ing the pos­si­bil­i­ties of dig­i­tal fab­ri­ca­tion to give end users a role in the design process.